Pediatric ophthalmology is a subspecialty of ophthalmology that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment and management of eye problems in children.
These eye problems include vision problems or visual disorders, eye misalignments (strabismus), refractive errors (nearsightedness -myopia-, farsightedness, astigmatism), eye infections, eye tumors, and other eye diseases or conditions.
Pediatric ophthalmology has a long history dating back to the early 1900s, when eye examinations were first performed on newborns in hospitals. In the mid-20th century, advances in technology and research led to the development of new diagnostic tools and treatments for eye disease in children.
Today, pediatric ophthalmologists use a variety of techniques, including vision tests, eye exams, imaging and surgery, to diagnose and treat eye problems in children of all ages. They may also work closely with other specialists such as pediatricians, neurologists and geneticists to provide comprehensive care for children with complex medical needs.
Overall, pediatric ophthalmology plays a critical role in helping children maintain healthy eyes and good vision, as well as identifying and treating eye problems that can affect their development and quality of life.
The Most Common Pediatric Ophthalmology Procedures
Pediatric ophthalmology includes a number of procedures to diagnose, treat and manage eye problems in children. Some of the most common procedures include:
Overall, pediatric ophthalmologists work closely with children and their families to create individualized treatment plans that address children’s specific eye problems and needs.
Follow-up in Pediatric Ophthalmology
The aftercare part of pediatric ophthalmology depends on the specific procedure or treatment the children have received. Below are some general instructions that may be recommended.
The post-surgical period is important in pediatric ophthalmology to promote healing and ensure the best results for the child’s eye health. It is important that parents follow the doctor’s instructions carefully and see a doctor if there are any concerns or complications.
Pediatric ophthalmology costs vary depending on the specific procedure or treatment required. Factors that may affect the cost include the extent of the procedures, the location of the practice, and the experience of the doctor.